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Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 15 November 2011 13:16
Article Index
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL, 1959
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL, 1959
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL, 1959: Part-I
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL, 1959: Part-II
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL, 1959: Part-III
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THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL, 1959

PREAMBLE

Whereas His late majesty King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Father of the Nation and revered descendant of the illustrious King Prithvi Narayan Shah, adherent of Aryan Culture and Hindu religion, having led a Great revolution for the rights and welfare of His subject, earned immortal fame in the history of the world and was firmly resolved to establish real democracy in Nepal by giving fundamental rights to the people;

And Whereas we also being firmly resolved to help our subjects to attain all- round progress and achieve the fullest development of their personality; to ensure to them political, social and economic justice; and cement the unity of the nation by bringing about political stability through the establishment of an efficient monarchical form of government responsive to the wishes of the people;

And Whereas for the said purpose it is desirable to enact and promulgate a Constitution for the Sovereign Kingdom of Nepal, I, King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva in the exercise of the sovereign powers pf the Kingdom of Nepal and prerogatives vesting in US in accordance with the traditions and customs of our country and which devolved on US from Our August and Respected forefathers, do hereby enact and promulgate this fundamental law entitled “ The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal.”

PAT 1
PRELIMINARY

1.   The Constitution as the Fundamental Law

(1)    This Constitution is the fundamental law for Nepal and all laws
inconsistent with it, shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, and subject to the provisions of this Constitution, be void.
(2)    Nothing in this Constitution shall affect the law, customs and usage relating to the succession to the throne by the descendant of His Majesty the King.
(3)    In this Constitution, His Majesty means the king for the time being reigning, being a Shahi descendant of His Late Majesty King Prithvi Narayan Shah and adherent of Aryan culture and Hindu religion.



PART II

2.   Appointed day

Article 73 and article 75 of this Constitution shall come into operation at once; and the other provisions of this Constitution shall come into operation on a day to be fixed by His Majesty by Proclamation, and such day is hereinafter referred to as “the appointed day”.

PART III

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT

3.    Personal Liberty

(1)    No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty save in accordance with the law.
(2)    Traffic in human beings, slavery and forced labour are forbidden, but provision may be made by law compulsory service for public purposes.
(3)    No person shall be punished for an act which was not punishable by law when the act was done, nor shall any person be subjected to a punishment greater than that prescribed by law for an offence when the offence was committed.
(4)    No person shall be prosecuted and punished more than once for the same offence.
(5)    No person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself..
(6)    No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed, as soon as is practicable, of the grounds of such arrest, nor shall be denied the right to consult and be defended by a legal practitioner of his choice.

Explanation : For the purposes of this clause, a legal practitioner includes any person, who, under the law for the time being in force, in authorized to represent any other person in court.

(7)    Every person who is arrested and detained in custody shall be produced before the nearest judicial authority, within a period of twenty-four hours from such arrest, excluding the time necessary for the journey from the place of arrest to the court of the judicial authority, and no such person shall be detained in custody beyond the said period except on the order of a judicial authority.
(8)    Nothing in clause (6) or clause (7) shall to a person who – (a)    is an enemy alien; or
(b)    is arrested or detained under any law provided for preventive detention.
(9)    No law providing for preventive detention shall authorize the detention of a person for a longer period that three months unless –
(a)    an Advisory Board consisting of persons who are or have been or are qualified to be appointed as judges of the Supreme Court has reported before the expiration of the said period of three months that there is in its opinion sufficient cause for such detention; or
(b)    such person is detained in accordance with provisions of any law made in accordance with clause (12).
Provided that nothing in sub-clause (a) shall authorize the detention of any person beyond the maximum period prescribed by law providing for preventive
detention;

(10)    When a person is detained in pursuance of an order made under any law for preventive detention, the authority making the order shall, as soon as may be, communicate to such person the grounds on which the order has been made and shall afford the earliest opportunity for making representations against the order.
(11)    Nothing in clause (10) shall require the authority making any such order as is referred to in that clause to disclose facts which such authority considers to be against the public interest and security of the country to disclose.
(12)    The following matters may be prescribed by law:
(a)    the circumstances under which, and class or classes of cases in which, a person may be detained for a period longer that three months without obtaining the opinion of an Advisory Board; and
(b)    the maximum period for which any person may in any class or classes of cases be detained; and
(c)    the functions and the procedure to be followed by an Advisory
Board constituted under sub-clause (a) of clause (9).

4.    Equality

(1)    All citizens are entitled to equal protection of the laws.
(2)    In the application of general laws there shall be no discrimination against any citizen on grounds of religion, sex, race, caste or tribe.
(3)    In respect of appointment to the service of the Crown there shall be no discrimination against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste or tribe, and in respect of appointment to the service of the Crown which are open to both sexes, there shall be no discrimination on grounds of sex.
(4)    No person shall disseminate hatred, contempt or create enmity between people belonging to different areas, or between different classes of people, castes and tribes of the Kingdom of Nepal.

5.    Religion

Every citizen having regard to the current traditions, may practice and profess his own religion as handed down from ancient times.
Provided that no person shall be entitled to convert another person to his religion.

6.    Property

(1)    No person shall be deprived of his property save in accordance with the law.
(2)    Every citizen is entitled to acquire, hold and dispose of property.

7.    Political Liberties

Every citizen is entitled to –
(a)    freedom of speech and expression; (b)    freedom of assembly without arms;
(c)    freedom to form associations or unions;
(d)    freedom to move to or reside in any part of Nepal.

8.    Public Good

(1)    Nothing in this part shall affect the validity of –
(a)    any law made before the Appointed Day which, with or without modification or adaptation, is certified by His Majesty to be necessary for any purpose specified in clause (2); or
(b)    any law made after the Appointed Day which is expressed to have been made for the public good.
(2)    A law shall be deemed to be made for the public good within the meaning of sub-clause (b) of clause (1) if it is expressed in the preamble thereto to be made for the maintenance of law and order within Nepal, maintenance of security of Nepal, good relations between Nepal and other countries, good relations among different classes or sections of the people, or between the people, or between the people of different areas, or generally good manners, health, comfort or convenience or decency or morality and economic welfare or the citizens of Nepal, or to prevent internal disturbance or any attempt to subvert this Constitution or any law in force for the time being or any other like attempt or for the prevention of contempt of court or House of Parliament.
(3)    Nothing in this part shall apply to a person serving in any of the armed forces of the Crown, and any law may restrict of modify the application of any provisions of this Part in so far as it applies to any person serving in any police force.

9.    Right to Constitutional Remedies

(1)    The right to file a petition in the Supreme Court for appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of the rights conferred by this Part is guaranteed.
(2)    Where any petition is filed under clause (1) the Supreme Court shall have power to issue directions or Orders or Writs including Writs in the nature of Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Quo Warranto and Certiorari, whichever may be appropriate for the enforcement of the rights.
(3)    Without prejudice to the power conferred on the Supreme Court by clause (1) and (2), law may empower any other court subordinate to the Supreme Court to exercise within the local limits of its jurisdiction all or any of the powers to issue such directions or Orders or Writs as is prescribed in Clause (2).

 



 

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